Table of Contents


The Table of Contents extension generates a Table of Contents from a Markdown document and adds it into the resulting HTML document.

This extension is included in the standard Markdown library.


By default, all headers will automatically have unique id attributes generated based upon the text of the header. Note this example, in which all three headers would have the same id:


Results in:

<h1 id="header">Header</h1>
<h1 id="header_1">Header</h1>
<h1 id="header_2">Header</h1>

Place a marker in the document where you would like the Table of Contents to appear. Then, a nested list of all the headers in the document will replace the marker. The marker defaults to [TOC] so the following document:


# Header 1

## Header 2

would generate the following output:

<div class="toc">
    <li><a href="#header-1">Header 1</a></li>
        <li><a href="#header-2">Header 2</a></li>
<h1 id="header-1">Header 1</h1>
<h1 id="header-2">Header 2</h1>

Regardless of whether a marker is found in the document (or disabled), the Table of Contents is available as an attribute (toc) on the Markdown class. This allows one to insert the Table of Contents elsewhere in their page template. For example:

>>> md = markdown.Markdown(extensions=['markdown.extensions.toc'])
>>> html = md.convert(text)
>>> page = render_some_template(context={'body': html, 'toc': md.toc})


See Extensions for general extension usage, specify markdown.extensions.toc as the name of the extension.

See the Library Reference for information about configuring extensions.

The following options are provided to configure the output:

  • marker: Text to find and replace with the Table of Contents. Defaults to [TOC].

    Set to an empty string to disable searching for a marker, which may save some time, especially on long documents.

  • title: Title to insert in the Table of Contents' <div>. Defaults to None.

  • anchorlink: Set to True to cause all headers to link to themselves. Default is False.

  • permalink: Set to True or a string to generate permanent links at the end of each header. Useful with Sphinx style sheets.

    When set to True the paragraph symbol (¶ or "&para;") is used as the link text. When set to a string, the provided string is used as the link text.

  • baselevel: Base level for headers. Defaults to 1.

    The baselevel setting allows the header levels to be automatically adjusted to fit within the hierarchy of your HTML templates. For example, suppose the Markdown text for a page should not contain any headers higher than level 3 (<h3>). The following will accomplish that:

    >>>  text = '''
    ... #Some Header
    ... ## Next Level'''
    >>> from markdown.extensions.toc import TocExtension
    >>> html = markdown.markdown(text, extensions=[TocExtension(baselevel=3)])
    >>> print html
    <h3 id="some_header">Some Header</h3>
    <h4 id="next_level">Next Level</h4>'
  • slugify: Callable to generate anchors.

    Default: markdown.extensions.headerid.slugify

    In order to use a different algorithm to define the id attributes, define and pass in a callable which takes the following two arguments:

    • value: The string to slugify.
    • separator: The Word Separator.

    The callable must return a string appropriate for use in HTML id attributes.

  • separator: Word separator. Character which replaces white space in id. Defaults to "-".


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